How Many Cheetahs Are Left In The World 2021?
The Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is the world’s fastest land mammal and also the safest large cat. Only 7,100 cheetahs are thought to be living in the wild today, and their survival is in doubt.
IUCN Red List Status- Vulnerable
Cheetahs have disappeared from about 90% of their original range in Africa, and are extinct in Asia except for a single, isolated group of about 50 animals in central Iran.
79 percent of all cheetah populations have less than 100 individuals.
Only 7,100 cheetahs are thought to be left in the wild, and their future is unclear across their range. Cheetahs are categorised as “Vulnerable” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, but experts are pushing for them to be uplisted to “Endangered” after recent research indicated severe population reductions. In North Africa and Asia, they are deemed “Critically Endangered.”
Main Threats To Cheetahs
Despite the fact that cheetahs inflict very minimal harm to livestock, farmers regularly kill them, either as a precaution or in revenge for livestock predation.
Loss of prey due to human hunting and land development for agricultural and other reasons has a significant impact on cheetahs.
Cheetah population losses are exacerbated by direct hunting for skins in some regions of Africa, as well as the illegal traffic in live cubs and adults, many of whom perish during transport.
What Are The Conservation Efforts Of Cheetahs?
Since 1 July 1975, the cheetah has been protected under Appendix I of the Convention on International Traffic in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which prohibits commercial international trade in cheetah derived from the wild.
Most cheetah range (76%) is on unsafe lands where they are often persecuted in retaliation for livestock or game depredation.
Cheetahs have a low population density throughout their habitat, necessitating conservation efforts on a scale rarely seen in terrestrial conservation. This involves cross-border collaboration, large-scale land use planning to ensure habitat connectivity, and human-wildlife conflict resolution.
Nearly all range states in Africa are actively participating in the Cheetah and African Wild Dog Range Wide Conservation Program (RWCP). These plans provide a regional framework as well as a foundation for national conservation action planning.
There are also a number of programmes in southern and eastern Africa dedicated to cheetah conservation and study, as well as the guild of big carnivores. Many of these programmes carry out crucial site-based conservation operations that benefit cheetahs, and some also assist national wildlife authority capacity building.
The Asiatic cheetah is totally protected in Iran. Kavir National Park, Khar Touran National Park, Naybandan Wildlife Refuge, Bafgh Protected Area, and Dar Anjir Wildlife Refuge are the primary protected sites for this species.
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