Jain Chaturmas 2021
In the Hindu calendar, Chaturmas is a holy season that lasts four months: Shravan, Bhadrapada, Ashwin, and Kartik. Devshayani Ekadashi (Ashadhi Ekadashi) is the first and ends with Prabodhani Ekadashi. Chaturmas began on July 20 and will end on November 25 this year. Varshayog is the aggregate name for this activity in Jainism, and it is required for Jain monasticism.
What are the four months of Chaturmas?
The celebrations traditionally begin on Deva Sayana Ekadashi in Ashada month and end on Utthana Ekadashi in Kartik month. The festival begins in July and runs until November. The four months that makeup Chaturmas are Shravan, Bhadrapada, Ashwina, and Kartik. In Hindu mythology, these months are believed to be the holiest. During this time, the majority of religious Vratas or fasts of importance are observed.
What should we not eat on Chaturmas?
Because the celebrations last for more than four months, worshippers must adhere to a strict eating regimen. During the month of Shravan, green leafy vegetables are often avoided. The month of Ashada Sukla Ekadashi begins on Ashada Sukla Ekadashi and ends on Sravana Sukla Ekadashi. The month of Bhadrapada begins on Sravana Sukla Ekadashi and ends on Bhadrapada Sukla Ekadashi. During the Bhadrapada month, worshippers abstain from eating curd and other products made from it. The month of Ashwin begins with Bhadrapada Sukla Ekadashi and ends with Asweeja Sukla Ekadashi. During the month of Ashwin, stay away from anything made with milk. The month of Kartik begins with Asweeja Sukla Ekadashi and ends with Karthika Sukla Ekadashi. During the Kartik month, avoid seeds in pulses. During the Chaturmas season, saints normally avoid moving around a lot. They do this to prevent harming any living things, as the rainy season is regarded to be insect breeding season. It is believed that killing any living thing during the religious period may hurt the saints, thus they are restricted in their movements.
Significance of Chaturmas
Lord Vishnu’s holy sleep lasts four months and concludes on Prabodhini Ekadashi, also known as Dev Uthani Ekadashi. According to the Vishnu Puran, Lord Vishnu resides in Sutal Lok for four months and offers Bali Maharaj darshan. After being asked for a wish by Lord Vishnu, Bali Maharaj requested that the Lord “always grant him darshan and stay with him.” The Jain monks practise Varshayog during the Chaturmas. Fasting, Maun Vrat, and other austerities are practised by monks. It is thought that Gautam Buddha delivered his first sermon in Sarnath on Guru Purnima Day and that he continued to teach during these months. Those who observe Chaturmas, on the other hand, avoid eating jaggery, milk products, spicy foods, green vegetables, paan, supari, and meat. During these months, alcohol and tobacco are also strictly restricted.
Chaturmasya 2021 date and timings
Tuesday 20th July 2021
On 21st, Parana Time – 5:40 AM to 8:23 AM
On Parana Day Dwadashi End Time – 4:25 AM
Ekadashi Time Starts – 9:59 PM on 19-July-2021
Ekadashi Time Ends – 7:17 PM on 20-July-2021
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